There are various methods available to prevent pregnancy. Abstinence is the only method that is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy. The physicians, all birth control specialists, at Advanced OB/GYN in Houston, TX will discuss your birth control options and help you chose the method that is right for you.
Natural Family Planning – Abstinence/Periodic Abstinence/Withdrawal
Barrier Methods – Condoms/Diaphragm/Cervical Cap/Female Condom/Sponge
Birth control pills – Birth control pills contain hormones that prevent ovulation and cause changes in the cervical mucus and the lining of the uterus. There are two types of birth control pills: combination pills, which contain both estrogen and a progestin, and progestin-only pills, often called “mini-pills.” You must take one pill every day in order for the pill to be effective. The pill does not prevent or protect against sexually-transmitted diseases. The combination birth control pill may help reduce the risk or improve symptoms of acne, ovarian cysts, anemia, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and cancer of the ovary and the uterus.
Patch – The OrthoEvra patch is applied to clean, dry skin and changed weekly. Hormones are absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream. For further information, please visit www.orthoevra.com.
Ring – The NuvaRing is a flexible, plastic ring that is inserted into the vagina. It remains in the vagina for 3 weeks and then is removed. A new ring is re-inserted 7 days later. Most women experience menstrual-like bleeding during the ring-free week. Like the birth control pill, NuvaRing contains combination hormones that are absorbed through the vagina and into the bloodstream. Visit www.nuvaring.com for more information.
Injectibles – DepoProvera is a progestin-only birth control option given as an intramuscular injection in either the arm or buttock once every 3 months.
Implantables – Implanon and Nexplanon are progestin-only, long-term reversible contraceptive implants. A single medicated rod is placed under the skin on the inner aspect of the upper arm. The implant contains contraceptive efficacy for up to 3 years. For further information, please visit www.nexplanon-usa.com.
Intrauterine Device – Mirena and Skyla are progestin-only, long-term reversible contraceptive devices. Mirena provides birth control for up to five years, and Skyla provides birth control for up to three years. Visit www.mirena-us.com or www.skyla-us.com for more information. Paragard is a hormone-free, long-term reversible contraceptive that lasts up to ten years. Visit www.paragard.com for more information.
Permanent Sterilization – Essure/Bilateral Tubal Ligation. Please refer to our link on Permanent Sterilization for more information.